Cataracts

cataracts
Cataracts are so common in Today’s environment, take the time to learn about different types of cataracts and how each can be prevented.
You you must know that cataracts caused by an age factor could be long prevented simply by wearing a good pair of sun glasses.

Statics show that 80% of the Sun Damage is already done before the age of 18. Parents – get your kids into sunglasses. With the thinning layers of the ozone in our atmosphere it is much easier now to get a sun burn. Given that kids love to spend majority of hot, sunny summer days outside it should not be a surprise that 80% percent of sun damage can be acquired by the age of 18. To prevent that – sunglasses must be worn starting at a toddler’s age.

There are 4 types of Cataracts:

Age Related – Wear your Sunglasses at all times even on cloudy days. Get your kids into sunglasses starting from an early age.
Congenital Cataracts – Babies are born with it. Another reason to get your babies checked by an optometrists as eye sight is essential for their development. Eye tests are covered by OHIP before your kids turn 19. Babies get cataracts because of injuries; poor development or nutrient deficiency.
Secondary Cataracts are often caused by a common use of medication (such as corticosteroids or diuretics) medical treatments as a result of diabetes, exposure to toxins or frequent exposure to radiation such could even be tanning beds.
Traumatic cataracts are also common as a result of an accident or any prolonged stress and sudden stress.

What is a cataract?
A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s lens behind the iris and the pupil.

Cataracts Category:
•A subcapsular cataract occurs at the back of the lens. People with diabetes have a greater risk of developing a subcapsular cataract.
•A nuclear cataract forms deep in the central (nucleus) of the lens. Nuclear cataracts usually are associated with aging.
•A cortical cataract is characterized by white, wedge-like opacities that start in the periphery of the lens and work their way to the center in a spoke-like fashion.

Common Symptoms of Cataracts
•Blurry or foggy vision
•Decreased night vision or see halos around lights
•Colours appear dull or muted
•Your glasses no longer working
•Sunlight or other light seem overly bright

Treatment
In the early stages of a cataract, where vision is minimally affected, your optometrist can sometimes prescribe new lenses for your glasses to give you the sharpest vision possible. When the cataracts start to interfere with your daily activities and glasses cannot improve this vision, your optometrist will refer you to an ophthalmologist who may recommend the surgical removal of the cataracts.
Surgical Procedure for Cataracts
In addition to referring you to secondary specialists, such as ophthalmologists, for treatment of systemic diseases or eye surgery when necessary, your optometrist also co-manages your treatment of ocular diseases and pre and post-surgical patient care with ophthalmologists.