Dry eye syndrome is a common problem. Dry eyes are generally caused by either the inability of the lacrimal gland to produce a sufficient amount of tears to keep your eye lubricated, or by the meibomian glands’ inability to produce enough oils in your tears to keep them from evaporating. The most common symptoms of dry eyes are persistent dryness, scratchiness, red eyes and a burning sensation. Another symptom of dry eyes is a “foreign body sensation,” which is a feeling that something is in your eye.
Dry eye syndrome has many causes. It occurs as a part of the natural aging process (especially during menopause in women), as a side effect of many medications such as antihistamines, antidepressants, certain blood pressure medicines, Parkinson’s medications and birth control pills, or simply because you live in a dry, dusty or windy climate. However, there are many different treatment options you will have if you are diagnosed with dry eye syndrome. For most dry eye sufferers the first line of defense to treat dry eyes is artificial tears, but there many other treatment options that can be initiated by our Optometrists if required. Visit our dry eye centre page for more information on dry eyes and other treatment options.