EYE HEALTH LIBRARY
There are a wide variety of vision conditions and disorders. Your eye health should be taken seriously and any conditions or impairments need to be addressed to ensure you can achieve your best vision.
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in Canada. This disease damages the optic nerve due to an increased pressure inside the eye. Glaucoma most frequently occurs in individuals over the age of 40, with a greater risk to develop in individuals with diabetes, high blood pressure and those with a family history of glaucoma. Glaucoma is often referred to as the “silent thief” since there are usually no symptoms until the individual experiences peripheral vision loss. Thus, a comprehensive eye exam with your Doctor of Optometry is the only way to detect glaucoma and prevent vision loss.
Cataracts is caused by the clouding of the lens inside of the eye. This disease usually affects those over the age of 60 and leads to a decrease in vision. The severity of cataracts varies from extremely small areas to large opaque areas. This disease can be inherited or a result of smoking, excessive exposure to UV light, use of medications. Thus, precautions may be taken to help prevent this disease such as UV blocking sunglasses and a diet rich in certain vitamins.
A thin layer of tears coats the front surface of our eyes in order to keep our eyes healthy and comfortable. Dry eye occurs when this layer of tears is not produced enough or does not have the correct chemical components. Dry Eye is not affected by age, but rather, other factors and can affect both children and adults. Symptoms of dry eye include stinging, burning, irritated eyes. In some cases one may experience blurred vision and sensitivity to light. Your eye care professional will determine the cause of your dry eye and provide the necessary care.